An excellent fireplace is more than just a heater; it’s frequently a large structure that becomes the space’s focal point. Although a burning fire always attracts attention to itself with the endless play of tongues of flame. At all times, a stove in a country house was the embodiment of warmth and comfort. That is why this type of heating remains in demand, and stove manufacturers are offering more and more solutions for installation in country houses. However, regardless of the model, such a device should be as compact as possible, heat up quickly, and use fuel sparingly.
Below are the main types of heating stoves for country houses that can be found in modern times.
It is worth noting that the technology of building brick heating stoves is very complicated. Therefore, it is better to entrust the construction to a professional stove-maker.
Installing a brick oven in a country house is an intelligent solution. Such ovens perfectly retain heat for a long time (which cannot be said about the metal varieties). This pattern can stay warm overnight. If solid bricks for stoves and tiles were used during its construction, you could enjoy the heat for several days.
However, a brick oven has some disadvantages. Its construction is rather massive and complex. Therefore, in a small country house, such a model will be inappropriate. In addition, the cost of a brick oven is much higher than the cost of a metal product (the design features of the device influence this).
The main advantages of such ovens are as follows:
- Ease of use and maintenance;
- Local materials can be used during construction;
- Relatively high level of efficiency (COP);
- Possibilities of regulation of the combustion process;
- Durability and economy.
Hardwood can be used as fuel for a brick kiln, which ensures an even and continuous burning.
The primary material used to create metal furnaces is cast iron. A cast-iron heating stove for a country house is a metal box with a door and a chimney.
This model is characterized by a fast heating rate but the same fast cooling. If you live in a country house for only a few months, it is better to turn your choice to a metal stove. It is both practical and cheaper compared to massive brick ovens.
A cast-iron stove can be installed even on the second floor of a cottage: for this, you do not need to arrange a solid foundation and a complex chimney. Another advantage of this model is its easy installation and use.
A metal stove can be carried out using any fuel (you can use cardboard, firewood, coal, and so on for these purposes).
Gas generator furnaces
The gas generator is a monolithic welded steel structure with a heat-resistant coating. The work of this furnace is to gasify the fuel and not to the normal combustion process.
Thanks to this method of operation, the furnace is characterized by high efficiency and a high degree of heat transfer. The main advantage of the gas generator model is quick heating using a hot air stream. The use of such a stove is very beneficial if you rest in a country house only once a week.
The process of heating the room begins immediately after you light up the stove. The warmth can be felt literally in 15 minutes. It will be kept indoors for approximately eight hours. If the gas generator model has a transparent glass door, you will be able to admire the play of flame.
The following fuels are perfect for kindling a gas generator furnace:
- Pieces of cardboard;
- Waste from wood;
- Brown coal.
Hard coal can only be used if mixed with other fuels.
The main advantages of gas generating devices:
- Relatively small size;
- Ease of daily use;
- Rapid warming up of the room;
- The high degree of heat transfer;
- Economical fuel consumption.
The stove is selected depending on the volume of the room (in cubic meters).
In-country houses, a similar design can be supplemented with a built-in small-sized stove and an oven. If the furnace and fireplace have different chimneys, they can be heated simultaneously or separately.
Heating and cooking models
Such models differ from other types of ovens in that they have a hob. This equipment can be used for cooking.
Heating and cooking structures can have additional drying and ovens. This makes the use of the stove wider.
Stoves designed not only for heating but also for cooking are most common among residents of country houses. They are the embodiment of functionality and practicality, economy, and productivity.
What materials are ovens built from?
If you decide to build a stove for a country house with your own hands, it will be helpful to know everything about the materials for its construction. Below are the main types of raw materials.
Their unique style and originality distinguish stoves made of ceramics. Thanks to their graceful appearance, they will look great both in cottages and in tiny country houses. Ceramic products are pretty durable and can serve you for a long time. In addition, the oven cladding can be made in any color scheme.
Natural stone can also have different shades, which makes it possible to create original aggregates. Surface cladding can be made of natural or artificial material.
This is a classic version of the material for a country stove. Strong steel or cast iron can withstand enormous loads and cannot be deformed. Such a stove will serve you for a long time and retain its properties even with intensive use.
Thus, the choice of a specific stove for a country house depends on the area of the room, the frequency of use, your financial capabilities, and individual preferences.
It is not difficult to choose a small fireplace stove for heating a summer cottage and a garden house. It is even easier to install it – usually, shipping is organized by trading organizations, and when a certain cost threshold is exceeded, it is included in the price. But if the same task is facing the owner of a country house, and the stove is only part of the autonomous heating system (albeit the main one), then the choice and installation should be entrusted to professionals.