Protecting yourself effectively from the sun means avoiding too much Ultra violet rays. The sun is particularly intense in summers between 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. So avoid going outdoors at this time and minimize direct sunlight by walking in shade or staying indoors. Remember, too much sun exposure leads to skin cancer and other skin related diseases.
Those who want to limit their contact with UV radiation have to consider the following tips:
- Avoid direct sun in the summer at lunchtime.
- Look for shade, especially at lunchtime.
- Protect yourself from the sun with an umbrella, shade sails, hat, or clothes.
- Wear sunglasses with UV protective lenses.
- Use sunscreen with a high SPF.
- Eliminate solariums and UV lamps from your lifestyle.
- Below are the ten ways that can help you to protect yourself from sun exposure:
1. Sun protection is Important Where Ever You Go
Sun protection is important for everyone. Be is toddlers, teenagers or adults, everyone needs protection from the sun. Whether you are indoors in school or offices at work or you are playing outdoors or running errands. You need high-quality sunscreen to protect your skin. Besides, it is not only in summers you need sun-protection but also in winter. As the snow reflects the sun rays, the wind and freezing temperatures make the sun look even more intense. In the spring, the warm sun rays hit the sun-weaned winter skin with rapidly increasing intensity.
2. Avoid Sun Exposure in Afternoon
Between 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., the UV radiation is intense. You should give your skin a break during the lunchtime, i.e. afternoon, stay out of the sun exposure. The morning and evening hours are much more suitable for playing sports, gardening, walking, and other outdoor activities!
3. Avoid Sun Burn From its Reflection
In the shade, almost half of the direct sunlight still hits the skin. The stronger the UV exposure, the shorter the skin’s glowy life. Therefore, it is important to protect it. The intensity of UV radiation increases from the poles of the earth towards the equator. The intensive UV radiations increase the sea level above ten percent per 1,000 meters in altitude. Water from the swimming pool, river, or sea reflects the sun rays which increases the UV exposure up to ninety percent.
Clothing effectively shields the skin from UV radiation, provided they are thick enough and tightly woven. A transparent fabric that allows the transmission of some of the visible sunlight and UV radiation, cannot protect your skin. For example, wear cotton clothes with full sleeves and jeans. As cotton absorbs the UV rays that cause sunburn to the skin, on the other hand, polyester fabrics offer relatively good protection. Color and fitting of the dresses also play their role, loose and dark clothing provides better protection than tight and light ones.
5. Wear Sunglasses
You should always protect your eyes against UV radiation. Otherwise, you are likely to experience permanently damaged retina or cornea. In particular, the short-wave UV-B component of sunlight affects the cornea and conjunctiva. When buying glasses, think about the size of the glasses, with small and round glasses, there is a risk that the UV light will penetrate and hit the eyes. The color of the sunglasses also matters a lot. Ideally, a gray tint or brown reduces the penetration of the sun rays. Sun protective glasses have a label on them, such as »UV-400«, »100 percent UV« or the »CE« sign.
6. Apply Sunscreen to the Uncovered Areas of the Skin
The sun protection factor (SPF) shows the level of protection in sunscreen protects against UV-B radiation. A high SPF stands for a high protective effect, a low SPF for lower protection. On the sunscreen products, you will find both the SPF as a numerical value and the associated protection class. There are basic protection products as well as medium, high, and very high protection. For delicate types of skin, high protection is necessary (the maximum sun protection factor is SPF 100). The medium protection class (approx. SPF 50) is enough for medium sensitive skin types. If in doubt, you should choose a higher level of protective products and avoid direct exposure to the sun.
7. Apply Generous Amounts of Sunscreen Before Going Outside!
If you put sunscreen on your skin, it becomes covered and you can stay relaxed when going outdoor. Sunscreen, gel, or spray do not need sufficient time to start protection against radiation. Using a generous amount of sunscreen is also a way to achieve maximum sun protection. You should not forget to apply on shoulders, neck, scalp, ears, upper lip, and nose! These parts of your body are very delicate to sun exposure and at the same time are exposed to the sun the most.
8. Don’t Forget to Re-apply sunscreen, Especially During Sports and Games!
When you are running, cycling, and playing sports, you are under the sun for a long time. Ideally, you must protect yourself beforehand with a high SPF sunscreen. Apart from the level of sun protection, you should always re-apply the sunscreen after a couple of hours as the sunscreen wears off making the skin prone to sunburn. Remember, drying, sweating, and swimming as well as touching the dress against your skin, reduces its effectiveness.
9. There is No Complete Sun Protection!
Sunscreens are not a license for an endless stay in the sun! Even those who apply extensive sun protection products should be careful with exposure to the sun. No product gives 100% protection against UV radiation when you are exposed to the sun. A certain quantity of UV rays always reaches the skin. It’s important to get out of the sun before the skin turns red.
10. Children’s Skin is Extremely Sensitive and Needs Sun Protection
In children, the natural mechanism to protect the skin is in a developing phase. Hence, children’s skin is more prone to sun damage as their skin is sensitive. Moreover, children spend more time outdoors and in the sun as compared to adults. By the time a child is eighteen years old; their skin has received an average of 75% of the UV radiation in life. When it comes to the risk in the developing phase of a child, the sun exposure in children increases the probability of having skin cancer. Follow the advice of dermatologists and do not expose your babies to direct sunlight at all for the first twelve months! From the age of two, you can let the little ones out in the sun – but only for a short time and not at lunchtime.
Although many people know that too much sun exposure increases the risk of skin cancer. They do not want to let go of tanning themselves while on their vacations. Apart from all the necessary sun protection, most people do need sun and fresh air to feel good. Therefore, it is vital to find the right measures, tips, and products for yourself to enjoy summer and sunshine in a relaxed manner.